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Ex vivo Immuno-modulatory effect of Echinococcus granulosus laminated layer during allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma: A study in Algerian Patients


The effect of helminthic infections on allergic diseases and asthma is still inconclusive. Moreover, there is considerable evidence suggesting that nitric oxide (NO), metalloproteinases and pro-inflammatory cytokines play a significant role in the physiopathology of these diseases. In this sense, the aim of our study is to investigate the ex vivo immunomodulatory effect of the laminated layer (LL, outside layer of parasitic cyst) of the helminth Echinococcus granulosus on NO, IL-17A and IL-10 production. In the first step of our study, we evaluated in vivo the NO, MMP-9, IL-17A, IL-10 levels in Algerian patients with allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis and their changes in relation with exacerbation status of the patients. In the principal part of our work, we assessed NO, IL-10 and IL-17A levels in supernatants of patients PBMCs cultures before and after stimulation with LL. Our results indicate a significant reduction in NO production by PBMCs of patients with allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma whether mild, moderate or severe after stimulation with LL. Interestingly, LL induces a significant decrease in the production of NO and IL17-A levels as well as an increase in the production of IL-10 in the cultures performed with PBMC of patients with severe allergic asthma.

Importantly, our data indicate that LL exert a down-modulatory effect on inflammatory mediators (NO, IL-17A) and up immune-regulatory effect on IL-10 production. Collectively, our study supports the hygiene hypothesis suggesting that Echinococcus granulosus infection like other helminths could prevent and/or modulate inflammation responses during inflammatory diseases.


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